Locating Surface Explosions by Combining Seismic and Infrasound Data

Koch, Clinton D and Arrowsmith, Stephen
Seismological Research Letters, 2019

An outline of a Bayesian source location framework for using seismic and acoustic observations is developed and tested on synthetic and real data. Seismic and acoustic phenomena are both commonly used in detection and location of a variety of natural or man‐made events, such as volcanic eruptions, quarry blasts, and military exercises. Typically, seismic and acoustic observations have been utilized independently of each other. Here, we outline a Bayesian formulation for combining the two observations in a single estimate of the location and origin time. Using realistic estimates of uncertainty, we subsequently explore how combining the different observation types can benefit event location at local to near‐regional distances. We apply the method to synthetic data and to real observations from a mining blast in Bingham Mine in Utah. Our findings suggest that, for relatively sparse or azimuthally limited observations, the relative strengths of the two different phenomenologies enable more precise joint‐event localization than either seismic or infrasonic measurements alone.